Architecturally, personal data management and governance framework design will be based on a digital ledger (DL) holding details of each citizen’s accounts, so that all of their spending (and other financial activity) could be mapped back to them. It might also hold other transactional information (e.g. participants, time, place, item/s purchased, etc.). This ledger would be examinable at an aggregate/gross level by different governmental institutions that require approved access to it, each of whom would have different levels of access to this data. How this is to be achieved is an open research question that the project will explore.
We will investigate the design of novel, integrated smart governance architectures and build governance models for evaluation purposes. These models will utilise smart contract mechanisms to facilitate the policing and sharing of data among a wide range of authorised stakeholders. We envision a public key system allowing differential levels of access to citizens’ financial transactions. These keys are to be held by:
- Individuals (allowing them to track or audit their own transactional activities, or authorise permissioned access to third parties that could provide personal DL-enabled financial services)
- Government agencies (allowing them to explore gross levels of spending across different dimensions or categories, such as by citizen-spender segment or industry sector)
- Ministry of Justice (accessible only by smart judicial warrant for crime and security agencies or OGDs to access individual records).
We intend to assess how a fully auditable, tamperproof, smart governance system will make all stakeholders accountable for their data access and processing activities, whilst ensuring protection of data and individual privacy. How this is to be achieved is another open research question we will explore.